Cybersecurity Framework is a set of the pre-defined structure of policies and procedures. Read on to learn more about the Common cybersecurity frameworks and it’s processes, practices, and strategies involved in enhancing the cybersecurity measures of an organization.
Cybersecurity is now a priority for almost all organizations. Cyberattacks are also becoming more sophisticated day by day. This has resulted in the development of various cybersecurity frameworks and standards that assist organizations in the creation of robust cybersecurity programs. So, to help you implement the best cybersecurity program, we have a list of cybersecurity frameworks:
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a framework that is developed by considering various security professionals’ suggestions from different business sectors. Here is the NIST Cybersecurity Framework overview:
- There is no such standard checklist in this framework. Instead, it mainly assesses the current situation.
- The main focus of the NIST cybersecurity framework PDF is on cybersecurity management, the interaction between the internal and external environment, improving security policies, etc.
- The core factors of this framework are:
Control Objectives for Information and Related Technologies (COBIT) is developed by the Information Systems Audit and Control Association (ISACA). The framework tries to include positive business practices into the fields of IT management, security, as well as governance. Its main factors are:
- Single Integrated Framework.
- Organization’s end to end process control.
- Meeting Shareholder’s expectations.
- Considering management and governance as two different things.
One of the common cybersecurity frameworks is ISO/IEC Standards, which is built by International Standards Organization (ISO) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). The framework involves all aspects of high-level cybersecurity management and implementation process:
- Physical as well as environmental security.
- Access control and management.
- Information Technology security practices.
- Security of communications.
- Incidental management, along with compliance.
4.COSO: A common cybersecurity framework
The Committee of Sponsoring Organization(COSO), a common cybersecurity framework, is developed by five associations i.e., IMA, AAA, AICPA, IIA, FEI. The framework consists of 17 core points, like monitoring, controlling, auditing, reporting, etc., which are divided into five categories:
- Control Environment.
- Risk Assessment.
- Control Activities.
- Information and Communication.
- Monitoring and Controlling.
North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) is the framework which
- Concentrates on the development and enforcement of reliability standards as well as performance-oriented inputs.
- Ensures that the electric grid is guided by certain specific standards.
- Flexible enough that any organization in any industry can adopt.
6.TC CYBER: One of the most common cybersecurity frameworks
Technical Committee on Cyber Security (TC CYBER) is primarily developed for improving the telecommunication standards, mainly in the European zone. But, it can be applied by any industry globally. The framework’s primary concentration is on increasing privacy awareness and providing improvement in the security of individuals and organizations.
The Health Information Trust Alliance (HITRUST CSF) was developed by an organization of the private sector that serves the Healthcare and IT Security industries. The framework works towards evolving the Common Security Framework and addresses points like security improvement, risk-based implementation of security structure, alternate control options, etc.
The SOC2 framework was developed by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA).
- The framework’s primary focus is on maintaining the security of organizations that collects and stores personal information about the customers in cloud services.
- The framework also provides guidelines to SaaS companies for reducing data breach risks and strengthening cybersecurity posture.
- There are guidelines for vendors and third parties, too, which they should adhere to for protection against internal and external threats.
Consortium for IT Software Quality (CISQ) provides
- Cybersecurity frameworks and standards that developers should adhere to while developing software applications.
- The standard helps in the measurement of size and quality of software too.
- Risk and vulnerability assessment of completed and developing software is also possible using this framework.
Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP) is a kind of regulation standard which focuses on standardizing communication between security products and tools. The main goal is the standardization of processes using which the security programs make communication of security issues, vulnerabilities, and information relating to configuration.
Final words On Common Cybersecurity Frameworks
We have discussed the best and common cybersecurity frameworks list that helps an organization build a robust security infrastructure. But, not a particular framework is sufficient to develop a real-time security policy. Hence, take the help of all the above-stated frameworks and develop a security policy that strengthens your organization’s security posture.