Internet of Things(IoT) has been leading the way to digital transformation, connecting small sensors, and devices to smart cities ecosystems. Knowing the basic architecture will help security analysts and architects design a comprehensive cybersecurity framework.
In today’s technology-driven era, research and development in the IT sector have a huge role in the event of sophisticated technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Blockchain, Cloud computing, etc. Whenever we hear something about IoT, subconsciously, people related it to connected devices, unique IPs communicating to a server, data sharing, device log management, or any other interrelated concepts. Let us explore it in a bit detail, the benefits of IoT, and the mechanism behind IoT platforms. Internet of things (IoT) can be defined as an interconnected network of devices with an array of electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and connectivity, which explains how these components should connect, interact, and exchange data without compromising the security of the system. To exemplify, in an IoT environment, users can communicate with devices in real-time and immediately forward the data for further processing, or in other words, the data required for data analytics could be modified by users and send directly for processing.
Meanwhile, the implementation of IoT could face issues in its interconnectivity due to the threat of intruders. A successful attack on any segment of the network could make the entire related system a victim of an assault.
Everything You Need To Know About IoT Applications
Before knowing more about IoT applications, imagine a scenario when your vehicle broke out, and your car has been alerting you regarding fuel and engine spark issues. Since you had a warning, you can reduce the cost and time associated with examining each component to find the problem. You can convey the problem and advice you saw before and let the mechanic work upon the specific component. Here, IoT components had a role in monitoring, processing, and alerting any engine related faults.
In addition to that, the IoT platform could aid in improvising supply chain, vehicle tracking, monitoring fuel gauge, engine performance, and a lot more in real-time. Some applications of IoT have been summarized as the following:
- Smart Wearables: Can monitor a user’s location and health parameters and send the information to the IoT server for alerts.
- Smart Health Care Devices: It can be used to transfer parameters such as temperature, blood pressure, or other values to the server for further medical diagnosis.
- Smart Cars: Can use intelligent sensors and have an interconnected network within and between smart cars to avoid collisions and maintain maximum engine performance.
- Industrial Internet: Can help management to monitor and operate smart devices in an IoT enabled industry to be workly safely based on remote commands.
- Smart City: Can form an interconnected network of sensors, lights, ECB, and other electronic components for smart energy-efficient operation of electricity and a sustainable system.
The Fundamental Of IoT Architecture
The proliferation of various players in the IoT services market has caused in the adaption of different almost similar architecture. Hence, this section discusses how cybersecurity enforced generic IoT architecture looks like. Therefore, below is the typical architecture of an IoT solution.
Is an essential part of the system, and users should be able to identify devices, and this section could alter the parameters to where the data need to send. This component also ensures the security of the system against any cyberattacks by systematic policies and procedures.
2.SDKs / Gateway:
The component is essential for enabling communication with the device and accessing the data stored within. Both SDK and gateway differs in its way of handling flow of operations, in case of SDK, it accesses the device and sends the values to a destined server whereas, in case of the gateway, it acts as a bridge by communicating with the device and then the gateway sends the values retrieved to the server.
IoT platform would not work efficiently without an element for the processing which the analytics component does. The available information is processed in the desired format and forwarded for further operations.
An efficient IoT framework should be able to work in an integrated environment with other systems such as CRP, ERP, and similar systems. While integrating, security is double-checked, and the network will be tested for threats and loopholes to prevent any intrusions.
The component ensures proper storage, processing, and retrieval of data from the system without affecting the system’s security. To maintain security, there is a log report that records all the processes taking place in the order.
6.Data Visualization / Reporting:
The raw data retrieved will not be meaningful without making it presentable. Hence data visualization segment adds value to the raw data and makes it useful for other processes.
Current And Future Landscape Of Opportunities In IoT
Speculating and considering IoT as a new technology signifies that you are not well-informed regarding trends in technology. As per reports as given below, IoT spendings in various sectors witnessed a steep increase.
Moreover, as per McKinsey, the IoT market will be worth approximately $581B for ICT (Information and Communications Technology) based spending alone by the end of 2020, growing at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) between 7% and 15%.
The above data signifies that there will be a huge demand for IoT shortly, and there will be ample opportunities in this sector and makes it a perfect industry for anyone who wants to change their stream.
To recapitulate, it is evident that with the rise in IoT, there has been a demand to ensure the security of the network of interconnected devices since an attack could cause unaccountable chaos. Moreover, a skilled cybersecurity professional always looks to improve the security of the architecture of the IoT platform for ensuring safety.
Nagesh Tejwani is a Senior Programmer Analyst with over a decade of experience and a demonstrated history of working in the Information Technology and services industry. An avid IT professional, skilled in Java/J2EE, Python & AWS. He has worked in different business domains such as BFSI, SCM Automotive, etc. Passionate about the emerging technologies and emerging technical trends, and has worked in different technical paradigms. He is well versed with IoT and Blockchain and frequently writes on topics such as Software Engineering, Best practices in Software Design, IoT, and Java.